Dr Journal – Tagged "muscle cramps" – Slimatone

Dr Journal: muscle cramps

Muscle Cramps

By Hampton Pharmaceuticals

Muscle Cramps

Many of us have experienced this debilitating pain either during exercise or at rest, these are muscle cramps and affect the majority of the population.

Muscle cramps are described as an involuntary muscle contraction that has a sudden onset (Mayo Clinic, 2017). A contraction is defined as the tightening of a muscle; this tightening happens and inflicts the pain felt. The cramps can be found in any muscle but normally occur in the legs.

There are different types of muscle cramps. Firstly there are true cramps which are cramps that affect a group of muscle that generally act together to perform a movement, for example the quadriceps are comprised of the rectus femoris, vastus laterallis, vatus medialis and vastus intermedius. These muscles are responsible for extension of the knee. The onset of a true cramp is initiated by hyper excitability of the nerves that trigger the muscles.

True cramps occur as a way for the body to protect the muscle or bone from re-injury, the cramp provides a mechanism of stability. Fatigued muscles will often result in cramping, after extensive exercise. A common type of true cramp experienced is the rest cramps which suddenly occur when you are not engaging in any physical activity. These cramps generally occur in the calves and feet and can be incredibly uncomfortable.

The second type of muscle cramp is the tetany cramp. A tetany cramp happens when the muscles in the body are triggered by every nerve cell in the body being activated.

The third and final type of cramp is a dystonic cramp, this happens when you are performing a movement and the muscles that are not required to help perform the movement, contract when they should be relaxed.

There are a variety of causes that contribute to muscle cramps such as fatigued muscles, the muscles become tired and cramp as a response to the fatigue.

Dehydration is a large contributor to muscle cramps, as exercising in extremely hot temperatures place more strain on the body and requires more fluid to perform the activity.

 A lack of the vital vitamins and minerals need by the muscles and a lack of sodium contribute to muscle cramping.

 A lack of adequate oxygen can lead to muscle cramps as oxygenated blood is need by the skeletal muscles, especially during exercise. A pinched nerve can cause a muscle to cramps as well as not stretching before or after activity.

Preventative measures can be taken to avoid the risk of muscle cramp incidences. The measures include constant hydration regardless or exercising.

Increase your sodium levels by consuming more salt, but only in moderation as too much salt has many negative side effects. If you are exercising consuming carbohydrates will reduce the risk of muscle cramps, as carbohydrates are used for energy production.  

On a final note always ensure that you are executing all the exercises correctly, to decrease muscle cramping and prevent injury. Every training session should be accompanied by a 10 minutes warm-up, some appropriate stretches and a cool-down of 5-10 minutes at the end.

If you frequently suffer from these excruciating muscle cramps, try Slimatone Strong. It helps ladies achieve there muscle toning and fitness goals whilst providing you with added energy. Strong supports muscle and strength development and promotes muscle recovery; therefore reducing the likelihood of cramping.

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